Aurangabad Aurangabad (Marathi: औरंगाबाद, Urdu: اورنگآباد), pronunciation is a city in theAurangabad district of Maharashtra, India. Aurangabad (meaning "Built by the Throne") is named after the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. The city is a tourist hub, surrounded with many historical monuments, including the Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves, which are UNESCOWorld Heritage Sites, as well as Bibi Ka Maqbara. The administrative headquarters of theAurangabad Division or Marathwada region, Aurangabad is said to be a City of Gates and the strong presence of these can be felt as one drives through the city. Recently Aurangabad has been declared as Tourism Capital of Maharashtra. The city is also one of the fastest growing cities in the world.